Are You "Nuts" About Nutrition?

Take this true or false quiz to test your nutrition know-how.

1. It costs more to eat a healthy diet.
2. Nuts can help you lose weight.
3. An antioxidant is a compound found in foods that protects the chemistry of body cells from damaging reactions with oxygen.
4. 1/4 cup peanut butter has about 3 times the amount of saturated fat as 1/4 cup pecans.
5. The main dietary factor associated with high blood cholesterol levels is a consumption of high cholesterol foods.
6.  Georgia pecans can help lower the risk of heart disease.
7. It’s not necessary to worry about nutrition if you’re taking vitamin and mineral supplements.
8. The best way to control salt intake is to cut down on processed and fast foods.
9. To protect the nutritious composition of nuts, most varieties should be stored in airtight containers in the refrigerator.
10. Low carbohydrate diets rely on red meat for protein and calories.

The Answers:
1. False. Fast food, chips, cake, ice cream and doughnuts cost more than fresh fruits and vegetables.
2. True. A study at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, overseen by the Harvard School of Public Health, revealed that dieters who ate nuts were not only more satisfied with fewer calories, but also lost weight faster and kept it off longer than low-fat dieters.
3. True. Antioxidants are especially abundant in fruits and vegetables.
4. True. Peanut butter has about 6 grams of saturated fat per 1/4 cup, while pecans have only about 2 grams.
5. False. It might seem logical to assume that if you eat cholesterol-rich foods you will have a greater risk of high cholesterol blood levels, but the truth is that a diet high in saturated fats creates the greatest risk of raising blood cholesterol, and therefore heart disease.
6. True. A study in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association found that just 1/4 cup of pecans a day may significantly reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol and thereby help prevent heart disease.
7. False. While a multi-vitamin supplement is a good safeguard measure, it cannot take the place of wholesome food in supporting all the body’s dietary needs. Even the best concoctions of nutrients still lack something that good food provides.
8. True.
9. True. Pecans, for instance, are rich in oleic acid, one of the healthy monounsaturated fats. To protect this fat from oxidation, it’s best to store pecans in the refrigerator. In an airtight container, they’ll keep for up to 9 months.
10. False. Other sources of protein and calories for low carbohydrate diets include chicken, fish, pork, cheese and nuts, including pecans.

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