Frequently Asked Questions
1. Where can I find information about growing pecan trees?
The best place to locate information about the types of trees that would grow best in your area, how to care for them, as well as other agricultural-related information is your local extension service. It is normally listed under the government pages of your local phone book as Extension Office or Local Extension Office.
2. How do I get a price list or list of products available from Georgia Pecan Commission growers?
In order to receive a catalog or price list for Georgia Pecans from one of the Georgia Pecan Commission growers, you will need to contact that grower directly. A list of growers is provided on our website at www.georgiapecans.org.
Click on “Where to Buy." There you will find all of our growers’ contact information.
3. When is the best time to harvest Georgia pecans?
The peak harvesting months for Georgia Pecans are October – December.
4. When is the best time to plant pecan trees?
Generally, December, January and February are the recommended months to plant pecan trees in Georgia because it increases the tree’s chance for survival. When purchasing a pecan tree, it is best to get one at least 6-8 feet tall.
5. What are the differences in the varieties of Georgia Pecans?
More than 500 varieties of pecans exist today. Varieties commonly planted in Georgia orchards include Cape Fear, Desirable, Elliott, Schley, Stuart and Sumner.
Cape Fear: Originated in Willard, N.C., at the North Carolina agricultural experiment station. An offspring of the Schley. Shell has dark stripes and the pecan kernels are creamy to golden brown in color. A very prolific pecan, ripening in late mid-season. Some growers believe this is the pecan of the future.
Desirable: One of the first pecan varieties developed from a controlled cross in the early 20th century. Larger nuts than Stuart, with a medium-thick shell that stands up to mechanical harvesting and shelling. Much in demand. Good flavor, good color that is retained during roasting. The best pecan for roasting and salting.
Elliott: One of the most flavorful pecans and a favorite with the Georgia Pecan growers. Comes from a small, round shell, yielding a round pecan half. Disease-resistant and perfect for home cultivation. Slow to bear and not a heavy producer.
Schley: Originating in Jackson County, Miss. Named in honor of Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, commander of the U.S. Naval Forces in the Spanish-American War. Considered the standard in the industry and used extensively in breeding, as in Cape Fear. Superior flavor and slender appearance, both in and out of the shell. Thin shell doesn’t hold up to mechanical harvesting.
Stuart: An older variety and the dominant pecan in the U.S. pecan industry. Resistant to winter temperatures and disease. Produces a large nut with high production. Thick shell protects nut from mechanical harvesting, but nuts aren’t produced as soon as Desirable.
Sumner: Discovered in 1932 in Tift County by Walter E. Sumner. Sumner has been and is currently being planted to a limited extent in Georgia, primarily in the southeastern part of the state. Thin shell is oblong, smooth and glossy, and has a distinguishing crease at the apex. Shell color is light brown with black markings. These nuts have also been dubbed "jumbo Schley".